Hardwood Is Defined As

Whether you're constructing, remodeling, or decorating with wood, understanding what makes a wood a hardwood can help you make the best choice. Hardwoods are defined in this page, along with their most frequent types, characteristics, and grain structure. Don't forget to read about the best wood for making chess pieces and what kind of wood is used to make chess set.

Most Hardwood Trees

Lumberjacks in the 1800s discovered that some types of wood were more long-lasting than others. Hardwoods were all we had at the time. The trees were cut down and utilized for building materials and timber.

Density is used to categorize different types of hardwoods. The hardness of a hardwood depends on its density. Density is significantly greater in hardwoods than in softwoods. In addition, hardwoods weigh more than softwoods. The density of the trees is also a factor in the wood's density.

Even the texture of a hardwood may tell you something about its quality. The more grain a piece of wood has, the longer it will last. The grain patterns of several types of wood are distinctive. The grain patterns in different types of wood vary in complexity.

There are five distinct groups within this system. The wood's reproduction, hardness, and feel are all factors in each class.


Hardwood density can vary with age, use, and other reasons. Consider the wood's overall density as well as the void density, moisture level, and extractive density.

The cell walls of dense wood often retain more water. The wood's strength will also be affected by the moisture level. The degree of shrinkage might vary depending on the wood's moisture content, its structural qualities, and the time it was under strain.

Density of wood is expressed as a number of grams per cubic centimeter. To determine this, we need just divide the dry weight by the wet volume. The oven-dry weight is also used in the calculation.

The density of a piece of wood is an excellent measure of its overall quality. Growth rings provide an easy visual gauge. A higher density indicates that the wood will be less susceptible to swelling and deformation. Hardwoods, on average, have a density that's roughly 15% higher than softwoods.

Structure of Grains

Hardwood's grain structure can differ greatly from one species to the next and from one method of sawing to the next. Woodgrain has both attractive and displeasing qualities. Yet, the strength, look, and durability of wood depend on more than just its grain.

Wood can have either an open grain or a closed grain, the two most common varieties. The first kind may be identified by its enlarged, easily visible pores. The second one is more subtle and refined in appearance. The former is the standard material for furniture. The latter is often employed for cabinets and other home furnishings.

Hardwood's grain structure is affected by the pore size and density. Open-grain refers to wood with big pores, whereas closed-grain describes wood with narrow holes.


Hardwood floors, if properly maintained, may last a lifetime in some climates. An appropriately cared-for floor created from this material will last for many years. The nicest aspect is that you can refinish the floor as many times as you like. If you buy the appropriate kind of wood, you may save a lot of money.

Choosing a floor covering for your house or company is no easy task. Identifying the option that best fits your requirements should be a top priority. You should think about your financial situation, your way of life, and the requirements of your loved ones or your workforce. Fortunately, there are many professionals that specialize in wood flooring and can advise you on which option is ideal for your situation.


The fast depletion of America's hardwood woods is a direct result of the rising demand for wood goods. Protecting soil and watersheds, these woods are also a crucial resource in the carbon cycle. But, the rate at which these forests are being lost is unparalleled.

The clearing of forests for human habitation and industry, as well as the gathering of firewood, are to blame for this depletion. These transformations are vital to our economy, but they can result in the loss of precious woodlands if not carefully planned.

The hardwood business in the United States is steeped in tradition. Hardwoods are the standard in the business because of their beauty and longevity. Yet, with recent advances in sustainable forest management, hardwood tree populations are on the rise again.

Seven American hardwoods have been identified as the most environmentally friendly options. When being harvested, produced, and transported, they produce few greenhouse gas emissions.


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